Rather than quills, the handles were of clear hued glass: red, blue, purple, and green. The tips were made of steel. Darcy leaned forward, eager as a child with a new toy. “These are very new, Elizabeth. Mark my words, some day quills will be obsolete. The steel tips can be cleaned of dried ink, last nearly forever, and write with varying scripts depending on the size. Truly amazing. I have used them a time or two. My solicitor refuses to use a quill. Anyway, these are yours, and I have purchased a set for myself with carved wooden handles.A dip pen or nib pen consisted of a metal nib with capillary channels, mounted on a handle made of wood, bone, metal, glass, and plastic. Some pens are made entirely of glass. Generally speaking, dip pens have no ink reservoir (that would be a “fountain pen”) therefore the user has to recharge the ink from an ink bowl or bottle. The first steel pen is said to have been made in 1803, although Daniel Defoe mentions a “steel pen” in a 1724 letter. By 1822 steel tips were being mass produced.
Mrs. Langton, Pemberley’s cook, was the type of leader who without a doubt was the admiral of her kitchen. Nonetheless, she was also a wise manager in that she recognized that her underlings could, upon occasion, actually teach her something. In fact, in order to please the palates of the Darcys, she searched far and wide for any culinary edification, including the hiring of staff from various nationalities. Therefore, in addition to the standard English cuisines, the kitchen created French, German, Spanish, and even Indian masterpieces. It had taken Lizzy quite some effort to grow accustomed to the varying spices and develop the taste for exotic preparations.
The cook at Longbourn, however, was rooted in conventional English dietary fare. Unoriginal, perhaps, but Darcy had been pleasantly surprised to discover that he was a remarkable cook. The food served at Longbourn may not be colorful, but it was superb.
Lizzy was famished again, and a quick survey of the laden table showed no foodstuffs currently incompatible with her stomach. She hesitated a fraction of a second, already biting into a juicy slice of turkey before everyone was seated. Darcy, sitting beside her, smiled but cautioned, “Careful, dearest. You know what happens if you eat too hastily.” Luckily, his fears came to naught, Lizzy ingesting without incidence.
He (Darcy) bent to light the Argand oil lamp he had brought along, Richard lighting his as well. The men disappeared into the black entrance, descending a short distance with the sporadic flash of their lamps visible as they moved about.Argand lamp: an oil lamp producing a light output of 6 to 10 candela, invented and patented in 1780 by Aimé Argand. Aside from the improvement in brightness, the more complete combustion of the wick and oil required much less frequent trimming of the wick.
Richard stood with both lamps in his hands, casting wavering illumination about the room.
Darcy rented a cabriolet, the newest carriage model from France, similar to a barouche but much lighter and swifter with a folding canvas calash hood and rear window.Derbyshire, north to south is approximately 40 miles, east to west at widest part is less than 30 miles. The Darcys traveled maybe a third of Derbyshire (being generous) in small increments over a week or more. Do the math. And yes I know how fast horse drawn carriages can travel. I question whether you do since there would be no need for bionic horses, as cool as that would be! “You wouldn’t wear sapphires to a wedding.”
Darcy and his steward were secreted in his study all afternoon dealing with one of Darcy’s more complicated and sensitive investments with a German steel manufacturer.Neither passage says anything about the invention of steel. In fact, considering the topic is a manufacturer of steel, the implication is quite the opposite. Therefore, while still somewhat unsure of her point, I must conclude that she is less educated than a 3 year old.
Somehow he had managed to conclude the arrangements with the steel company in Germany, but he would be hard pressed to articulate how it had transpired.
13th century BC, the Invention of steel. Early blacksmiths discovered that iron became harder and stronger when left in charcoal furnaces.Need I go on? This nitpick is so preposterous, I cannot comprehend how anyone would believe anything else this 1-star reviewer wrote! Heck, even Wikipedia can be trusted on this fact.
3rd century BC, Wootz steel was born in ancient India when craftsmen of southern India used crucibles to smelt wrought iron with charcoal to produce ‘wootz’ steel – a material that is still admired today.<
Roman Era, with war comes progress as Imperial armies, including those of China, Greece, Persia and Rome, were eager for strong, durable weapons and armour. The Romans learned how to temper work-hardened steel to reduce its brittleness.
“The chalked end of the stick hit the white ball…. as the cue ball bashed into the triangle of red balls…. one red ball dropped into a corner pocket and three other slowly rolled into favorable positions.”So, at most four red balls and one white ball are noted. And he IS playing alone, just for the sake of distraction and practice, so maybe he loaded the table with 40 balls to make it challenging!
The gentlemen of Meryton and the surrounding areas, when not gathering for smaller private socializations in their homes, met informally at the two pubs or the lone coffeehouse for gaming and to discuss politics and business. A large, red brick building located on the main street and annexed to the Ox Horn pub was humorously and pretentiously called the Reading Room, due to the cozy parlor in the rear dedicated to gentlemen’s intellectual concourse while smoking imported cigars and drinking fine liquors. However, it was the billiard room that drew the largest crowds most days.A Man's Diversions in the Regency: The Tavern Meal, on Jane Austen's World
He (Matty) cut the dried flowers, laughing as the petals fell onto his head, and Lizzy used the excuse of brushing them away to make his coarse hair stick up in wild spikes.Admittedly, I didn’t research whether hedgehogs or porcupines were in England either. However, Lizzy wasn’t seeing those animals but was teasing Matty that he looked like them. I tend to think that a well-read woman such as Elizabeth Bennet had surely seen drawings of the animals.
“Now you look just like a porcupine! No, wait, a hedgehog! Or maybe a skunk with these white petals,” and so on she teased, to his delight.
“Rhododendrons, hellebore, jasmine, camellia, and cyclamen, as well as potted iris and daffodils sheltered on the terrace, fought to shine through the frosty quilt with varying degrees of colorful success.”The Facts: All of these plants do have late autumn to winter blooming varieties, or bloom late in the year normally. Also note that I specified the daffodils and iris were potted and sheltered, and in the process of dying. A last ditch effort by the superb Pemberley groundsmen to provide a bit of color outside the window.
“…it was also critical to perform the rite at the parish church where the parents were members and by the pastor who ministered to them.”
“The Canons of the Church of England state that the diocesan bishop is ‘the chief pastor of all that are within his diocese, as well laity as clergy, and their father in God’.”Annotated Book of Common Prayer, 1883
“Both the 1662 Ordinal and the Common Worship Ordination Services understand bishops to be the successors of the Apostles as pastors of Christ’s flock.”
WORD CONVICTIONS!OK – I used “OK” once, in Dr. George Darcy’s journal, and “okay” once as coming from one of the bandits in Loving Mr. Darcy. Etymology on either OK or okay is all over the place, but I will admit that the earliest concrete reference appears to be in the 1830s. Ya got me!
“Dear Jane” by Mr. Fitzwilliam Darcy
Mr. Darcy writes a letter of appreciation to his ultimate creator, Jane Austen.
Darcy Comes to a Valentine's Day Decision
Occurring in February of 1816,
a troubled Mr. Darcy attempts to forget Elizabeth Bennet.
An Interview with the Darcys
An intrepid young reporter for the Derby Chronicle travels to Pemberley
for an interview with Mr. and Mrs. Darcy for a human interest article.
An Interview with Miss Georgiana Darcy
Miss Austen, the young reporter for the Derby Chronicle,
again travels to Pemberley, this time for an interview with Georgiana Darcy.
An Interview with Sebastian Butler, Viscount Nell
Miss Austen, the young reporter for the Derby Chronicle,
makes her third journey to Pemberley to interview Mr. Sebastian Butler.
A Musical Contribution to the Ball
The Darcys of Pemberley welcome two renowned artists
to perform for their guests during a grand Christmas ball.
Personal LifeJane’s father was Reverend George Austen, an Oxford-educated clergyman of a modest rectory in the village of Stevenson in Hampshire. Her mother was Cassandra Leigh Austen, born of the minor gentry so of a higher social rank than her husband. Married in 1764, Mrs. Austen embraced the simple domestic life of a clergyman’s wife, while also mingling with the gentry class and teaching her children the propriety of the day. Reverend Austen also held numerous ties to fashionable society, the extended family network allowing the Austen children to learn of politics and culture beyond their immediate circle.
Publishing LifeThe first foray into launching Jane Austen as a published author was in 1797. Reverend Austen sent a letter of enquiry to Thomas Cadell, a London publisher, regarding First Impressions (later to be Pride and Prejudice) but the letter was returned unopened and declined.
No wait! There is more!
I have written of their love and life for all to enjoy!