This time I shall focus on men from the Regency Era (or thereabouts) who were important in some way or another.
Lawyer, co-founder of the Edinburgh Review, journalist, politician, liberal statesman in the House of Commons, abolitionist, reformer, and one-time Lord Chancellor.
Lord Brougham is most recognizable as the designer of the four-wheeled, horse-drawn style of carriage that bears his name. As notable as this is, the baron deserves equal fame for establishing Cannes in France as a resort town. In 1835 he accidentally discovered the town, then no more than a fishing village, buying land and building a resort for English travelers. A statue to honor this accomplishment still stands at the Cannes waterfront.
Foreign Secretary of the United Kingdom, Leader of the House of Commons, Secretary of War and the Colonies, Chief Secretary of Ireland, and President of the Board of Control. Orchestrated defeat of Napoleon, represented the UK at the Congress of Vienna, supporter of Catholic Emancipation in Ireland, and won a pistol duel with the future Prime Minister George Canning in 1809.
In 1822 Lord Castlereagh died at his own hand with a penknife to the throat, the result of an illness of the mind (paranoia and a nervous breakdown).
English scientist who contributed to the fields of electromagnetism and electrochemistry.
Faraday discovered benzene, invented an early form of the Bunsen burner and the system of oxidation numbers, and popularised terminology such as anode, cathode, electrode, and ion. Faraday ultimately became the first and foremost Fullerian Professor of Chemistry at the Royal Institution of Great Britain, a lifetime position. Faraday was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1838, and was one of eight foreign members elected to the French Academy of Sciences in 1844.
John Clare (13 July 1793 – 20 May 1864)
English poet, the son of a farm labourer, who came to be known for his celebratory representations of the English countryside and his lamentation of its disruption. Clare’s first publication, Poems Descriptive of Rural Life and Scenery in 1820, was highly praised, and in the next year his Village Minstrel and other Poems achieved similar acclaim.
He died in 1864 after over twenty years in an asylum and under close care for alcoholism and insanity.